Our society is becoming more aware that global warming and climate change have significant short and long-term consequences. For that reason, many companies are beginning to bet on a green economy, a concept that, although it has only been in use for a short time, looks set to have a long future.
Green economy: definition and goals
This economic model aims to incentivize sustainable development and reduce environmental malpractice. According to the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), a green economy can improve human well-being and social equality if carried out well.
A green economy affects not only the economic sphere but also the social and environmental ones. Thus, companies, investors, markets, and societies should agree to adopt sustainable practices to guarantee long-term profitability and social well-being and protect the environment.
How a green economy helps the environment
These are some of the projected benefits of implementing a green economy:
- Improved welfare and social equity.
- Reduction of environmental threats.
- Efficient use of resources and social responsibility.
- Creation of green jobs.
- Efficiency in the use of energy resources.
So these are its goals:
- Seeking the well-being of people.
- Promoting social equity.
- Reducing poverty.
- Minimizing environmental impacts.
- Reducing carbon emissions.
- Avoiding pollution.
- Using renewable resources.
- Generating green jobs.
- Preventing biodiversity loss.
- Managing waste.
In terms of sustainability, a green economy may be the ideal model, as it simultaneously strives for social and environmental well-being and economic growth. It seeks to improve our lives by reducing pressure on natural systems and facilitating economic development.
The European Union has set more than 130 separate environmental objectives and targets between 2010 and 2050, which aim to move Europe towards the green economy. Some of them are:
- Improving social welfare, fighting for equity in society, combating scarcity, and decreasing threats to the environment.
- Using resources efficiently, reducing carbon emissions, and promoting social responsibility.
- Allocating public resources to the fight against carbon emissions, as well as creating green jobs.
- Committing to energy efficiency and protecting biodiversity.
Embracing a green economy makes it possible to evaluate the level of transformation and growth in green businesses, analyze the impact of development according to the extraction and utilization of available resources, and assess the social impact according to the population’s access to basic resources, health, and education.